cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics

Cadmium - Cancer-Causing Substances - National Cancer ...

Learn about cadmium, which may raise your risk of lung cancer. Cadmium is a natural element: all soils and rocks contain some cadmium. Exposure occurs mostly where cadmium products (such as batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastics) are made or recycled. Tobacco smoke also contains cadmium.

Cadmium sulfide | CdS - PubChem

Cadmium Sulfide is a yellow to orange colored, crystalline, inorganic compound that forms toxic fumes of cadmium oxides when heated. Calcium sulfide is used as pigment in paints, plastics, textiles, ceramic and glass and is also used in solar cells, smoke and radiation detectors, light-emitting diodes and …

Cadmium Compounds (A) - US EPA

Cadmium is a soft silver-white metal that is usually found in combination with other elements. (1) Cadmium compounds range in solubility in water from quite soluble to practically insoluble. (1) The chemical symbol for cadmium is Cd and the atomic weight is 112.41 g/mol. (1) Conversion Factors (only for the gaseous form):

Cadmium | Cancer Trends Progress Report

Most cadmium used in the United States is extracted during the production of other metals like zinc, lead, and copper. Cadmium has many uses, including in the production of batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastics. Cadmium and its compounds are highly toxic and exposure is …

CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS - NCBI Bookshelf

Cadmium and cadmium compounds were considered by previous IARC Working Groups in 1972, 1975, 1987, and 1993 (IARC, 1973, 1976, 1987, 1993a). Since that time, new data have become available, these have been incorporated in the Monograph, and taken into consideration in …

EXPOSURE TO CADMIUM: A MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH …

Cadmium is also used in paint pigments, for electroplating and in making polyvinyl chloride plastics. The majority of cadmium present in the atmosphere is the result of human activities, especially smelting of non-ferrous metal ores, fossil fuel combustion and municipal waste incineration. 4. Soluble inorganic cadmium compounds are of

Locating and Estimating Sources ofCadmium - US EPA

Locating and Estimating Air Emissions From Sources of Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds Prepared for: Anne Pope Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Technical Support Division U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27711 Prepared by: Midwest Research Institute 401 Harrison Oaks Boulevard, Suite 350 Cary, North ...

UN 2570: Cadmium compounds - Substance information ...

Cadmium compounds. Cadmium is a chemical element with the symbol Cd and atomic number 48. This soft, silvery-white metal is chemically similar to the …

Safety and Health Topics | Cadmium - Exposure and Controls ...

Workers can be exposed to cadmium by breathing in dusts, fumes, or mists containing cadmium. Cadmium or cadmium compounds can also get on the skin, contaminate clothing or food, and be ingested (which is also one of the routes of exposure). The most effective way …

Cadmium - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cadmium sulfide and cadmium sulfoselenide are still used to a limited extent as color pigments in plastics and in various types of paints. Cadmium stearate is used as a stabilizer in plastics. Because of its ability to stiffen copper and increase its mechanical resistance at elevated temperatures, Cd is used in copper-cadmium alloys, which are ...

Cadmium and you - hse.gov.uk

– cadmium and cadmium compounds (except cadmium sulphide pigments) – 0.025 milligrams per cubic metre of air averaged over an 8-hour period; – cadmium sulphide pigments (respirable dust) – 0.03 milligrams per cubic metre of air averaged over an 8-hour period; – cadmium oxide fume has also been assigned a short-term exposure limit.

Cadmium pigments - Wikipedia

The cadmium pigments eventually replaced compounds such as mercury(II) sulfide (the original vermilion) with greatly improved light-fastness. Cadmium pigments are known for excellent light-fastness, although the lighter shades can fade in sunlight. A cadmium yellow paint was frequently used on Bob Ross' TV show, The Joy of Painting.

All the information on Cadmium - Cadmium and the Future

The International Cadmium Association (ICdA) is a non-profit association representing the interests of the world's cadmium industry. Its Members include producers, processors, recyclers and consumers of cadmium metal, cadmium compounds, and products to which cadmium or its compounds have intentionally been added.

CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS IN PLASTICS

dossier in which it should be assessed whether the existing restriction on cadmium and cadmium compounds can be widened to cover all plastic materials (additional to the 16 plastic materials covered by the existing restriction), taking full account of the Council Resolution of 25 January 1988.

All the information on Cadmium - Pigments

Chemical grade cadmium sulphide (CAS Reg. No. 1306-23-6) is a manufacturing intermediate and is not put on the market by ICdA member companies as a pigment. (a) Plastics. Most cadmium pigments are used in plastics. These pigments disperse well in most polymers to give good colouring and high opacity and tinting strength.

Cadmium Compounds - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Workers in industries that use or produce cadmium and cadmium compounds, such as the battery, pigment, plastics, construction, and electroplating industries are at risk for increased cadmium exposure [19,164,165]. The OSHA mandates that the levels of cadmium in workplace air not exceed an average of 5 ppm over an 8-h workday [164].

RESEARCH ARTICLE Lead and cadmium in soft plastic toys

cluding Cd, Zn, organotins, etc. Lead and cadmium are also added to PVC or other plastic products as colouring agents in the form of organo-metallic compounds. Lead and cadmium are known poisons, being neurotoxins and nephrotoxins respectively. Although numerous epi-demiological studies have been carried out on the health

Safety and Health Topics | Cadmium | Occupational Safety ...

Cadmium and its compounds are highly toxic and exposure to this metal is known to cause cancer and targets the body's cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems. Who is exposed to cadmium? Worker exposure to cadmium can occur in all industry sectors but mostly in manufacturing and construction.

Cadmium poisoning - Wikipedia

Compounds containing cadmium are also carcinogenic. The bones become soft (osteomalacia), lose bone mineral density (osteoporosis) and become weaker. This causes pain in the joints and the back, and also increases the risk of fractures. In extreme cases of cadmium poisoning, mere body weight causes a …

Lead and cadmium in soft plastic toys | Abhay Kumar ...

The present study was undertaken to ascertain the levels of total lead and cadmium in soft plastic toys. A total of 111 non-branded toy samples, purchased randomly from three metropolitan cities ...

12. CHEMICAL FACT SHEETS - who.int

Cadmium Cadmium metal is used in the steel industry and in plastics. Cadmium compounds are widely used in batteries. Cadmium is released to the environment in wastewater, and diffuse pollution is caused by contamination from fertilizers and local air pollu-tion. Contamination in drinking-water may also be caused by impurities in the zinc

What is CADMIUM? - YouTube

Nov 12, 2018· Cadmium was used for a long time as a corrosion-resistant plating on steel, and cadmium compounds are used as red, orange and yellow pigments, to colour glass, and to stabilize plastic. Cadmium ...

Cadmium (Cd) Toxicity: Where is Cadmium Found? | ATSDR ...

May 12, 2008· The most important sources of airborne cadmium are smelters. Other sources of airborne cadmium include burning fossil fuels such as coal or oil and incineration of municipal waste such as plastics and nickel-cadmium batteries (which can be deposited as solid waste) (Sahmoun et al. 2005). Cadmium may also escape into the air from iron and steel ...

Cadmium (Including Cadmium Compounds) - lni.wa.gov

Damage to kidneys, lungs, and bones, plus added risk for lung cancer, are certainly worthwhile reasons for preventing or minimizing exposure to cadmium (and compounds) at work. Cadmium can be found in countless consumer and industrial products or materials, including the following: Paints, primers, and other protective coatings.

Chemistry of Cadmium - Chemistry LibreTexts

Cadmium Oxide (CdO): This compound in used in a variety of reactions including acting as a catalyst in redox reactions, hydrogenation reactions, polymerization and cleavage. Cadmium Oxide is heat resistant so it can be very useful in heat-resistant plastics, as well as other coatings for plastic.

Alternatives / Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds Facts ...

Cadmium is used to create a range of yellow colors in plastics formulations. Cadmium sulfides and sulfo-selenides are used in pigments to create a family of yellow/orange/red pigments. Cadmium yellow is created using cadmium sulfide (CdS), cadmium red is cadmium selenide (CdSe) and cadmium orange is an intermediate cadmium sulfoselenide.

The possibility of food contamination with cadmium by ...

By using spectrophotometric atomic absorption, the release of cadmium from some plastic materials (polyethylenes, PVC, polystyrene) used for manufacturing containers, wraps and objects (which are coloured with pigments derived from cadmium compounds) was studied.

The Facts on Cadmium - Roadmap on Carcinogens

In the EU 10.000 workers are estimated to be potentially exposed to cadmium and its compounds. Workers may be exposed to cadmium from the smelting and refining of metals or from air in industrial plants that manufacture batteries, coatings, or plastics. Exposure to cadmium that may be dangerous may occur in jobs in which workers […]

Cadmium - Wikipedia

Cadmium occurs as a minor component in most zinc ores and is a byproduct of zinc production. Cadmium was used for a long time as a corrosion-resistant plating on steel, and cadmium compounds are used as red, orange and yellow pigments, to color glass, and to stabilize plastic.

Cadmium Testing & Analysis | Chemical Testing

Get a quote for cadmium testing . The risks. Cadmium is considered a risk to human health as cadmium and its compounds are generally considered to be carcinogenic by most health and safety agencies. The element irritates internal organs such as the lungs and intestines when inhaled or ingested, and long term exposure to high levels can cause death.

Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds - Proposition 65 Warnings ...

Cadmium and cadmium compounds are on the Proposition 65 list because they can cause cancer. Exposure to cadmium and cadmium compounds can cause cancer of the lung and may cause cancer of the prostate and kidney.; Cadmium is also on the Proposition 65 list because it can cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.Exposure to cadmium may harm a man's reproductive system.

CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS - monographs.iarc.fr

Cadmium sulfide compounds (e.g. cadmium sulfide, cadmium sulfoselenide, and cadmium lithopone) are used as pigments in a wide variety of applications, including engineering plastics, glass, glazes, ceramics, rubber, enamels, artists colours, and fireworks. Ranging in colour from yellow to deep-red maroon, cadmium pigments

Cadmium and its compounds - chemsafetypro.com

Cadmium and its compounds are known to be human carcinogens based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans. Cadmium and its compounds are mainly used in batteries, pigments, alloys, electroplating and coating, and used as stabilizers for plastics. Cadimum and its compounds and REACH annex XVII